So That's Where I Get It From

February 28, 2011

Amanuensis Monday: Extract of Will of James James dated 1808

Filed under: Amanuensis Monday, DAILY BLOGGING THEMES — Tags: , , , — rootsresearcher @ 11:14 pm

Amanuensis Monday is a blog theme started by John Newmark on his blog Transylvanian Dutch, in which he is transcribing letters, newspaper articles, audio tapes, and a war diary etc., concerning his family.

John explains Amanuensis as “a person employed to write what another dictates or to copy what has been written by another”.

Today I am showing what I thought was the Will of James James dated 1808 which I have had for a few years, but it wasn’t until I was actually transcribing it today that I realised that it is an extract and really concerns the Probate for his Will. 

The reason I am featuring James James is because two or three weeks ago, for Tombstone Tuesday I featured his wife Catharine James (nee Read – the granddaughter of my 6 x great grandfather Cozens Read), and the week after her Tombstone Tuesday I showed the stone for James James.

But, since then, only in the last couple of days, I have found another “new” cousin.  Cousin Irvine is descended through the James line and has kindly allowed me to also show here a photograph of Robert Joseph James, but more about that after the transcription!

Extract from the Will of James James

Copy Will extract in my private collection (obtained from the Buckinghamshire Record Office) - copyright 2011

 

Copy Will extract in my private collection (obtained from Buckinghamshire Record Office) - copyright 2011

 

Transcript of Will Extract for James James dated 1808

Extracted from the Registry of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury

In the Will of James James late of Aylesbury in the County of Bucks – Gentleman deceased dated 22nd June 1808 is as follows

And I hereby nominate constitute and appoint them my said Wife Elizabeth James and my said Brother John James and the said William Rickford joint Executors of this my last Will and Testament

Proved at London 6th June 1809 before the Worshipful Charles Cook Dr. of Laws and Surrogate by the Oath of John James Esq. the Brother and one of the Executors to whom Admon was granted being first sworn duly to administer power reserved to Elizabeth James Widow the Relict and William Rickford the other Executors

Proved at London 12th May 1826 before the Judge by the Oath of Elizabeth James Widow the Relict one of the surviving Executors to whom Admon was granted being first sworn by …? duly to administer Power reserved to William Rickford Esquire the other surviving Executor.

On the 22nd June 1830 Admon with the Will annexed of the Goods Chattels and Credits of James James late of Aylesbury in the County of Bucks and a Lieutenant on half pay in Her Majestys Service Marine Forces dec’d left unadministered by Elizabeth James Widow the Relict one of the Executors and one of the residuary Legatees In trust and the beneficial residuary Legatee for life and John James Esq the Brother and one other of the Executors and one other of the residuary Legatees In Trust named in the said Will both since deceased was granted to James James the Son and one other of the residuary Legatees substituted in the said Will being first sworn duly to administer William Rickford Esq the other and surviving Executor and surviving residuary Legatee In Trust named in the said Will having first anounced the Probate and execution of the said Will and also the Letters of Admon with the said Will annexed of the Goods of the said deceased

Chas Dyneley )

John …? ) Deputy

W. T(?) Goodling(?) ) …?

(Written to the left of the document and enclosed in a line above and a line below) 463 Loveday (and with initials under) SWL?

I saw my first photo of a James descendant today and “new” cousin Irvine has kindly allowed me to show it here.  The photo is of Robert Joseph James (1841 – 1925) and he is the great grandson of the above James James and his wife Catharine (nee Read), which makes Robert the 3 x great grandson of Cozens Read.

Robert Joseph James (1841 – 1925)

Original photograph from the Bassetlaw Archives taken about 1925 – copyright 2011

 

I’m just so pleased to see this photo and as I told Cousin Irvine, I’m pretty sure Robert Joseph James has some of the Read looks in him!

February 5, 2011

Surname Saturday: Lavender

I’m not sure yet how this surname of Lavender fits in with my family history, but it is linked to the family of “Digby” Daniel Read whose exact connection with my family I am still investigating.

For those following my blog you will know that I refer to Daniel Read as “Digby” because for a long time I did not know his first name, seeing only Dg or Dy in a document so I gave him that nickname.

Anyway “Digby” Daniel (1731 – 1771) born at Hardmead, Buckinghamshire had a brother called Lavender Read (1734 – 1770) also born at Hardmead, Buckinghamshire (I just so love that name).  I always wondered where the Lavender part came from and have found a few of my Reads have a first name taken from their mother’s maiden name.  So I was thinking that Lavender Read was named after perhaps his mother, grandmother, someone else?

After a bit of ferreting around I also discovered the Will of “Digby” Daniel’s father (also called Daniel) ‘s brother Edward of Hardmead, Buckinghamshire.  Edward Read’s Will was dated 13th March 1733 and proved 21st October 1734.  Edward has three witnesses to his Will and, surprising for me, one of them is Elizabeth Lavender!   So I began to wonder, is Elizabeth Lavender family or a friend and is she or someone in her family why Lavender Read was so named.

Daniel Read senior and his brother Edward had a sister Elizabeth, so I wondered if she had married a Lavender.  But on investigating this further, Elizabeth married Robert Yorke in 1719 at Hardmead, Buckinghamshire so she’s not the one with a connection to the Lavenders.

Daniel senior (brother to Edward and father to “Digby” Daniel) married Rebeka but I have no idea what her surname is.  I have searched throughout Buckinghamshire, Oxfordshire and Hertfordshire and many places in London for Daniel Read senior’s marriage to Rebeka but no luck at all in finding it.  I wondered if she was a Lavender, hence naming one of their sons with that surname.  Still I have no idea.

Daniel senior’s own father was also Daniell Reade and he was born in Moulsoe, Buckinghamshire but he and his wife Sarah Hootton had their children at Hardmead and Daniel and  Sarah both died at Hardmead.  The family are also linked to Emberton, Buckinghamshire so I have searched these places in particular for Lavenders.

After a good few years of searching I am no nearer to finding out who Lavender Read is named after and how the Lavender family are connected to “Digby” Daniel Read’s family.

I’m sure I will find the answer one day, I am a very patient person!!  ;-)

August 9, 2010

Amanuensis Monday: The Will of Stephen Read

Filed under: Amanuensis Monday, DAILY BLOGGING THEMES — Tags: , , , — rootsresearcher @ 11:43 pm

Amanuensis Monday is a blog theme started by John Newmark on his blog Transylvanian Dutch, in which he is transcribing letters, newspaper articles, audio tapes, and a war diary etc., concerning his family.

John explains Amanuensis as “a person employed to write what another dictates or to copy what has been written by another”.

This week I am showing the Will of Stephen Read who is the 20th (and youngest) child of my 6 x great grandfather Cozens Read.  Stephen died in 1842 and is the only one of Cozens Read’s children to appear in the Censuses (well one at least in 1841)!!  It is not such a lengthy Will as some and he does not mention too many people by name, but I am very intrigued about a couple of things to do with the Will and the reasons can be seen in my Notes added at the end of the Transcription.

Stephen Read’s Will

My copy of this Will (obtained from the National Archives) is in my private collection - copyright 2010

My copy of this Will (obtained from the National Archives) is in my private collection - copyright 2010

Transcription of the Will of Stephen Read

Will of Stephen Read 

 
This is the last Will and Testament of me Stephen Read of Cuddington in the County of Bucks Yeoman I give and bequeath all my ready money which shall be in my dwelling house or in my possession at my decease and all my household goods and furniture linen and wearing apparel to my dear Wife Ann Read for her own use and benefit And as to all my other Monies and securities for money and all other my personal Estate whatsoever and whosesoever and of what nature or kind soever not hereinbefore disposed of I give and bequeath the same and every part thereof respectively unto my Nephews William Read and Richard Read the Sons of my dear brother Robert Read deceased their Executors Administrators and Assigns respectively nevertheless upon trust as soon as conveniently may be after my decease or at such other time or times as they shall think proper to collect get in and receive all my said personal estate so bequeathed to them and after payment thereout of all my debts funeral testamentary and Executorship(?) expenses to invest the clear residue thereof in coal or Government securities in England or otherwise to continue(?) the same at Interest on the securities in which the same shall be invested at my decease with full power and authority to call in the same and to vary alter and transpose all or any of such securities when and as often as they shall think proper And upon trust to pay unto or permit and suffer my said dear Wife to receive all the interest dividends and annual …..(?) thereof for and during the term of her natural life for her own use and benefit and from and immediately after her decease upon Trust to call in and collect the whole residue of my said personal estate into money and divide the same into nine equal parts or shareout which shall be paid to each of my eight dear Sons and daughters for his or her own use and benefit and the remaining ninth share unto and between all the children of my late dear Son Stephen Read deceased equally share and share alike when and as they shall severally attain the age of twenty one years or be married and in case of the death of either of the children of my said Son Stephen under the age of twenty one years and unmarried I direct that the share of such one so dying shall go and be paid to the survivors of them if more than one or to the survivor if only one and I direct that the share of each of my said children shall be a vested interest immediately on my decease and be transferable(?) to his or her personal representatives accordingly and in case of the death of any or either of my said children in my lifetime leaving lawful issue then I direct that such issue who shall be living at my decease shall be entitled to the share or shares of his or her parent or parents respectively to be equally divided between them share and share alike if more than one and if only one then to be paid to such only one and I do hereby declare and order that it shall and may be lawful for them the said William Read and Richard Read their Executors and Administrators and each of them by and out of the trust monies property or effects hereinbefore bequeathed or the interest and produce(?) thereof or any part thereof to secure retain to and reimburse themselves himself and each other respectively all such loss …..(?) charges damages and expenses as they or either of them shall or may bear pay sustain expend or be put into in or about or by reason or means or on account of the performance and execution of all and every or any of the Trusts hereby in them …..(?) in any respect whatsoever and also that they or either of them shall not be charged or chargeable with or answerable or accountable for any more of the said trust monies and property than shall actually come to their hands or custody respectively by virtue of this my Will nor with or for any loss or damage …..(?) which may happen to the same or any part thereof so as it happen not through their own wilful default or neglect respectively nor shall the one of them be answerable or accountable for the other but each for himself and his own acts deeds receipts defaults and neglects only  And I nominate and appoint the said William Read and Richard Read joint Executors of this my last Will and Testament on Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this sixteenth day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty seven  –   Stephen Read   –   Signed Sealed published and declared by the above named Stephen Read the Testator as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as Witnesses   Joseph Rose  John Parrott

On the 9th March 1842 Admon/with the Will annexed of the goods chattels and credits of Stephen Read formerly of Cuddington in the County of Buckingham but late of Thame in the County of Oxford deceased was granted to Thomas Read and Michael Read two of the natural and lawful children of the said deceased and as such two of the Residuary Legatees substituted in the said Will they having been first sworn by common duty to administer.  William Read and Richard Read the Nephews of the said deceased the Executors and Residuary Legatees in Trust named in the said Will having died in his lifetime, and Ann Read widow the Relict of the said deceased the Residuary Legatee for life named in the said Will having renounced the Letters of Administration with the said Will annexed of the …..(?) of the said deceased  (as by Arts …..(?) Court appears).

NOTES:   It intrigues me very much that at the time of Probate, Stephen’s wife Ann has “renounced the Letters of Administration with the said Will …”.   I have not come across this before and wonder what it actually means and I also wonder why Ann would renounce this aspect of her late husband’s Will?

What intrigues me more is that in the Will, Stephen makes his nephews William Read and Richard Read (both sons of his late brother Robert Read) his Executors.  But at the time of Probate we learn that both William and Richard died in Stephen’s lifetime and instead two of Stephen’s sons are acting as the Executors.

The reason this intrigues me so much is that while Richard Read died in 1830 (certainly within Stephen’s lifetime), William Read actually died in 1845 which was three years after Stephen died!!!

I have researched this family thoroughly and have both Stephen Read and William Read’s Death Certificates.  Stephen dies of Decay of Nature aged 76 and his nephew William dies of Old Age aged 74 on the 9th November 1845.

So why did Stephen’s family inform the Probate people that William had died before 1842?

August 2, 2010

Amanuensis Monday: Michael Read’s Will

Filed under: Amanuensis Monday, DAILY BLOGGING THEMES — Tags: , , , — rootsresearcher @ 11:58 pm

I really like the idea of the theme of Amanuensis Monday as it is getting me to sort out all the Wills I have and do something with them!!

This blog theme was started by John Newmark on his blog Transylvanian Dutch, in which he is transcribing letters, newspaper articles, audio tapes, and a war diary etc., concerning his family.

John explains Amanuensis as “a person employed to write what another dictates or to copy what has been written by another”.

As I mentioned Michael Read in my occasional theme of Something of Interest and talked about his portrait of his prize bull, I thought that I would add his Will this week.

Michael is one of the twenty children of my 6 x great grandfather Cozens Read and I have found him on a number of other Wills as an Executor and he was the one responsible for the Discharge of Legacy papers that I show on my Old Documents pages.

He was 49 years old when he married Martha Smith in 1791 – she was about fifteen years younger than him.  They did not have any children and like the Wills of the unmarried Read ladies I have who did not have children themselves, Michael mentions so many in the family and I think it is wonderful that he provides for virtually everyone, even to his great nieces and great nephews.

Here is Michael Read’s Will

Copy (obtained from the National Archives) in my private collection - copyright 2010

Copy (obtained from the National Archives) in my private collection - copyright 2010

Copy (obtained from the National Archives) in my private collection - copyright 2010

Copy (obtained from the National Archives) in my private collection - copyright 2010

and this is the Transcription for Michael Read’s Will:

Will of Michael Read

This is the Last Will and Testament of me Michael Read of the parish of Lower Winchendon in the County of Bucks Dairyman I give and devise all that my copyhold Messuage or two Tenements at Waddesdon in the County of Bucks with the appurts thereto belonging unto and to the use of my dear Niece Mary Pollard her heirs and assigns for Ever and I desire that the said Mary Pollard or her late parents or her Brother may not be charged with any rent for the occupation of the same Messuage or Tenements during my life and I give to the said Mary Pollard all the ffurniture and effects in and about the said Messuage or Tenements which belong to me Next I give and devise to my dear Nephew Thomas Read son of my dear brother Thomas Read all my ffreehold Land and heredits with the appurts situate at Chearsley in the said County of Bucks now in the occupation of William Wood To hold the same unto and to the use of him my said Nephew Thomas Read his heirs and assigns tor ever subject nevertheless to the payment of the Sum of one hundred and fifty pounds to his Sister Elizabeth which I give and bequeath to her and direct to be paid within twelve Calendar months after my decease Next I give and bequeath to my dear Wife Martha Read all the household ffurniture belonging to the two best Bedrooms and the parlour in my dwelling house and as much of my household Linen as she shall desire to furnish her a house to and for her own use and benefit and I direct that the same may be delivered to her as soon as conveniently may be after my decease also I give and bequeath to my dear Brother Stephen Read all my wearing apparel of every sort to and for his own use and benefit to be delivered to him as soon as conveniently may be after my decease Next I give and bequeath unto my dear Nephew Richard Read Son of my late dear Brother Robert Read deceased my Tenant right in the farm which I now hold under the Marquis of Buckingham and I earnestly desire that his Lordship will be pleased to accept him as Tenant thereof but I request that my said Nephew Richard Read will permit my said Wife to reside in my dwelling house until she shall have provided herself another habitation to her own satisfaction Next I give devise and bequeath all the Rest and Residue of my Real and personal Estates whatsoever and howsoever and of what nature or kinds ever not hereinbefore disposed of unto my said dear Nephew Richard Read To hold the same to him his heirs Executors admors and assigns respectively for Ever subject nevertheless to the payment of all my Debts and funeral and Testamentary Expenses and of the several Legacies or Sums of money hereinbefore bequeathed and disposed of and I hereby give and bequeathed unto my dear Nephew John Read Son of my late dear Brother Edward Read deceased and my dear Nephew William Rose Son of my late dear Sister Mary Rose deceased the several Sums of Two thousand pounds three hundred pounds and four hundred pounds of lawful money of Great Britain with lawful Interest from the time of my decease upon Trust to put place or continue the same out at Interest on good Securities and pay that Interest thereof respectively quarterly as it shall become due and also to pay the principal or Capital thereof respectively to the persons and in manner hereinafter directed that is to say as to the Sum of Two thousand pounds to pay the Interest thereof to my said dear Wife or her assigns for her and during the term of her natural life and as soon as conveniently may be after her decease to pay and divide the Capital or principal thereof in manner hereinafter in that behalf mentioned as to the said Sum of Three hundred pounds to pay the Interest thereof to my dear Sister Elizabeth Wood or her assigns for and during the term of her natural life to and for her own use and benefit and as soon as conveniently may be after her decease to pay and divide the Capital or principal thereof in manner following that is to say six seventh parts thereof unto and equally amongst the six surviving children of my said Sister Elizabeth Wood or their respective Executors or admors and the remaining seventh part thereof unto and equally between the children of her late Daughter Elizabeth Humphreys deceased if they be then of age respectively and if not to pay and apply the share of each of them or any part thereof if they my said Trustees shall think proper or the Interest and product thereof to and for his and her use and benefit during minority and to pay the remainder if any be unapplied to them respectively at their respective ages of twenty one years and as to the said Sum of four hundred pounds to pay the Interest thereof unto my dear Brother Stephen Read for and during the term of his natural life and after his decease to pay the Interest thereof to his now Wife for the term of his natural life and after the decease of the Survivor of them the Capital or principal thereof shall sink into the residue of my personal Estate Next I give and bequeath to the several persons hereinafter named the several Legacies or Sums of money next hereinafter mentioned that is to say to each of my three Nephews William Pollard Michael Pollard and Jeremiah Pollard or their respective Executors or admors fifty pounds to each of my dear Nephews and Nieces Sons and Daughters of my said late Sister Mary Rose deceased or their respective  Executors or admors Twenty pounds to each of my dear Nephews William Joseph and Edward Read Sons of my said late Brother Robert Read deceased or their respective Executors or admors one
hundred pounds to the three Sons of my late dear Niece Catharine James one hundred pounds to be equally divided between them or their respective Executors or admors To the two children of my late dear Nephew Robert Read deceased one hundred pounds to be equally divided between them or their respective Executors or admors To Mary Ann Read Daughter of my late dear Nephew James Read deceased or her Executors or admors fifty pounds to each of the five surviving children of my dear Sister Jane May their respective Executors or admors fifty pounds to each of the ten children of my said late Brother Edward or their respective Executors or admors forty pounds To my said Brother Thomas or his Executors or admors Three hundred pounds which last mentioned Legacies shall be paid in lawful money of Great Britain within twelve Calendar months after my decease and I direct that all the monies and property which shall at my decease be placed out at Interest or otherwise in the separate name of my said Wife shall be considered as hers over and besides the benefit she will otherwise derive
under this my Will and that my Executor will accordingly deliver and transfer to her all the Securities and Vouchers for the same and as to the said Sum of Two thousand pounds from and immediately after the decease of my said Wife I direct that the same shall be divided into as many equal parts or shares as I shall have had in number of Nephews and Nieces who shall be then living or who shall already have or shall have then have died leaving issue and that one of such parts and shares shall be paid to each of my said Nephews and Nieces then living and one other of such parts or shares shall be paid to or divided equally amongst the then surviving child or children of each of such deceased Nephews and Nieces and I declare and direct that in all such cases if any in which I may have advanced money to or for the use of any of the Legatees hereinbefore named and taken any Security or Memorandum for the same whether the same may be dated or have been taken more or less than six years previously to my decease such Legatees respectively shall not be entitled to claim their several Legacies or any part
thereof respectively until they shall respectively have accounted for and paid or satisfied to my Executor all such monies as may be due or appear to be due upon or by such Securities or a Memorandum respectively and whereas I am surviving Trustee and Executor under the Will of my late dear Brother Robert Read deceased now in case of my decease before the complete execution of the Trusts of his said Will I do give devise and bequeath all the Real and personal property vested in me as such Trustee and Executor under this said Will or otherwise unto my said dear Nephews John Read (Son of my said late Brother Edward) William Rose (Son of my said late Sister Mary) and Richard Read (Son of my said late Brother Robert) their heirs Executors admors and assigns upon the Trusts and for the and (?) intents and purposes in his said Will expressed and declared or such of them as shall remain to be and be capable of being performed and I do hereby declare and order that it shall and may be lawful to and for them my said Trustees John Read and William Rose and each of them and the
Survivor of them his Executors and admors by and out of the Trust monies and property hereinbefore bequeathed to them or the Interest and produce thereof or any part thereof to deduct retain to and reimburse themselves himself and each other respectively all such loss Costs Charges damages and
expenses as they or other of them shall or may bear pay sustain expend or be put unto in or about or by reason or means or on account of the performance and execution of all and every or any of the Trusts hereby in them reposed in any respect whatsoever and also that they my said Trustees or either of them shall not be charged or chargeable with or answerable or accountable tor any more of the said Trust monies and property than what shall actually come to their hands or custody respectively by virtue of this my Will nor with or for any loss damage or diminution that may happen to the same or any part thereof so as it happen not through their or either of their wilful default or neglect nor shall the one of them be answerable or accountable for the other but each for himself and his own acts deeds receipts defaults and neglects only and I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint my said Nephew Richard Read Son of my said late Brother Robert sole Executor of this my last Will and Testament In Testimony whereof  I the said Michael Read the Testator have to each of the three preceding sheets of this my last Will and Testament contained in four sheets of paper set my hand and to this fourth and last sheet thereof my hand and seal this twenty third day of May one thousand Eight hundred and twenty. The mark X and seal of the said Michael Read the Testator Signed Sealed and published and
declared by the said Michael Read the Testator as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as Witnesses Jno. Rose Grays Inn Joseph Rose Aylesbury Jno. Parrott Aylesbury

Proved at London 23rd November 1822 before the Judge by the Oath of Richard Read the Nephew the sole Executor to whom admon was granted being first sworn (by Con …(?) duly to administer.

July 26, 2010

52 Weeks to Better Genealogy – Challenge #29: Practice Reading Handwriting

I’m a few days late for writing this, but I did try to do Challenge #29 and at the beginning of last week added a Will dated 1545 for Jone Reade as it was a perfect example of why I needed to practice reading handwriting such as this.  This particular Will is one that I really can’t decipher anything on so I was hoping that by doing this Challenge I would get to be able to read at least some of it by the end of last week.

Well, I have to say I am none the wiser regarding this Will, even though I checked the links and suggestions I was given in my comments section by very helpful ladies.

I liked the suggestion to go to Staples and have a large copy of the Will done, but our Staples is quite a long way away and because of other things, I wasn’t able to get there to get a large copy!!

Another suggestion was to use Picasa and so I went to use it only to find they had a download only for XP and Vista.  My poor computer died last year, so we now have Windows 7 and there was nowhere I could see to do a download for that.

I did a browse for Windows 7 and Picasa and found some forums that seemed to have people writing in with problems with Windows 7 and Picasa, so thought it best to leave that for now!!

At the Scanfest last night I “met”  Jasia who has the Creative Gene blog and she told me that Picasa is ok with her Windows 7, but although I now will give it a try, it’s a bit late to be included in this Challenge.

OK, there were still the links to tutorials and information about old handwriting.  I gave them a go, but they did not really help at all with my particular Will that I so wanted to decipher.  But, I did find some examples of English Wills of the 1500s and managed to see the alphabet, which is a great help.

I also learned that as well as abbreviations, some of which I already know from other Wills, the people of that time (and later) wrote in a kind of shorthand that they all knew (well, those that could read and write of course).  I had no previous knowledge of this and so knowing that a little squiggle after a certain letter means something and a little squiggle over the end of a word means it’s a longer word and a little squiggle somewhere else means something else is a great help.  I now know to look for the shorthand letters instead of trying to make out a word that I can’t decipher when it might be one of those shorthand words.  Wonderful.

So, although I did not succeed in deciphering the Will in time for the end of the week’s Challenge, I have learned quite a bit that is really going to help and so for me this is an ongoing Challenge and one day you might just see the undecipherable  (indecipherable(?)) Will being featured with a transcript on Amanuensis Monday!!

July 19, 2010

Amanuensis Monday: The Will of Rachel Read – 1804

Filed under: Amanuensis Monday, DAILY BLOGGING THEMES — Tags: , , , — rootsresearcher @ 11:42 pm

This is my second contribution to the Amanuensis Monday blog theme that was started by John Newmark on his blog Transylvanian Dutch, in which he is transcribing letters, newspaper articles, audio tapes, and a war diary etc., concerning his family.

John explains Amanuensis as “a person employed to write what another dictates or to copy what has been written by another”.

I have chosen for today’s theme, the Will of Rachel Read.  Rachel is the sister of my 6 x great grandfather Cozens Read and her Will was responsible for leading the way to their siblings and discovering even more ancestors.

The discovery of Rachel’s Will was made because of the wonderful original Discharge of Legacies we found in the back of the huge Rose Family Tree book that I mention elsewhere in this blog and which original document can be seen on the Old Documents Pages.

I have found that when spinster ladies die, as they have no children of their own, they tend to leave legacies to nephews, nieces, brothers and sisters and so on and of course this usually provides a lot more information than in most Wills.

Rachel’s Will is great because it not only confirms details I had about the children of Cozens Read but gives additional information about other relatives.  This is such a treasure for me!!

The Will of Rachel Read

Copy (obtained from the Oxfordshire Record Office) in my private collection - copyright 2010

Copy (obtained from the Oxfordshire Record Office) in my private collection - copyright 2010

Copy (obtained from the Oxfordshire Record Office) in my private collection - copyright 2010

Copy (obtained from the Oxfordshire Record Office) in my private collection - copyright 2010

And here is my Transcript for Rachel’s Will:

Transcript of the Will of Rachel Read

I Rachel Read of Tiddington in the parish of Albury in the County of Oxford spinster being of sound and disposing Mind Memory and Understanding praised be God for the same do make publish and declare this my last Will and Testament in manner following (that is to say) I give and devise the Messuage or Tenement wherein I now dwell with the closes lands hereditaments and appurtenances to the same and belonging situate and being at Tiddington and in the parish of Albury aforesaid by me purchased of Giles Prickett Gentleman and all other my Messuages Lands Tenements and Hereditaments whatsoever unto and to the use of my Nephew Michael Read of Lower Winchendon in the County of Bucks yeoman his Heirs and Assigns But nevertheless upon trust that he my said Nephew his Heirs or Assigns shall and do with all convenient speed after my decease absolutely sell and dispose of the same Hereditaments and premises with the Appurtenances either together or in parcels and either by public auction or private contract to any person or persons for the most Money or the best price or prices than can be reasonably had or got for the same and after deducting and retaining to him and themselves in the first place all such costs charges and Expences as shall be incurred in or about such sale or sales or otherwise in the Execution of the trusts hereby in him and them reposed(?)  do and shall pay and apply the Monies to arise from such sale or sales as aforesaid in manner following (that is to say) do and shall pay thereout unto my Nephews and Nieces William Read of Upper Winchendon in the said County of Bucks Yeoman Edward Read of Doddershall in the parish of Quainton in the same county Yeoman Thomas Read of Worminghall in the same county Yeoman Stephen Read now or late of Little Hazeley in the said County of Oxford Yeoman Rachel Farmborough the wife of ffrancis Farmborough of Hartwell in the parish of Stone in the said County of Bucks Yeoman Jane May wife of Richard May of Westcot in the parish of Waddesdon in the same County Yeoman Catharine Pollard wife of Jeremiah Pollard of Waddesdon aforesaid Baker Sarah Rose of Westcot aforesaid Widow Elizabeth Wood wife of William Wood of Chearsley in the said County of Bucks Cordwainer and my Nephews and Niece William Read John Read Elizabeth Read and Thomas Read (sons and daughters of my late Brother William) the Legacy sum of Twenty Pounds apiece and unto my Niece Betty the wife of William Burgess of Great Hazeley in the County of Oxford labourer the Legacy or sum of Thirty Pounds all of which Legacies and sums of Money I give unto my said Nephews and Nieces respectively and direct to be paid unto them respectively within six calendar months next after my decease and also do and shall pay the cost unto my cousin Ann Cozens who now lives with me for and during the term of her natural life One annuity or clear Yearly sum of Ten Pounds free from all manner of Taxes and deductions whatsoever and to be paid to her or her Assigns by four equal quarterly payments (that is to say) on the fifth day of January the fifth day of April the fifth day of July and the fifth day of October in each Year by even and equal portions and the first payment thereof to be made on such of the said days as shall first happen after my decease And after payment of the said several Legacies and Annuity aforesaid and my just debts funeral and Testamentary expenses do and shall retain and pay the net residue or surplus of the Monies to arise from sale of my said Estate as aforesaid unto and between him my said Nephew Michael Read and my Nephew Edward Read who now lives with me in equal shares and proportions and for facilitating the sale of the said Hereditaments and premises as aforesaid I do hereby declare that the Receipt or Receipts of my said Nephew Michael Read his Heirs or Assigns shall be a good and sufficient discharge or sufficient discharges to any purchaser or purchasers and his her or their respective Heirs Executors Administrators and Assigns for the Money for which the said premises or any part thereof shall be sold or for so much thereof as is such Receipt or Receipts shall be respectively acknowledged or expressed to be received and such purchaser or purchasers his her or their respective Heirs Executors Administrators or Assigns shall not afterwards be obliged to see to the application of such purchase Money or be answerable or accountable for the loss misapplication or non application thereof or of any part thereof And as to all my ready Money debts owing ffarming stock Household Goods and ffurniture personal Estate and Effects whatsoever and wheresoever and of what nature or kind soever I give and bequeath the same and every part thereof unto my said last named Nephews Michael Read and Edward Read equally to be divided between them share and share alike and I do hereby constitute and appoint them my same Nephews Executors of this my will and hereby revoking all former and other wills by me made I do declare this to be my only last will and Testament In witness whereof I have to this my last Will and Testament contained in three sheets of Paper set my hand to each sheet thereof and to the last of them my Seal also this fourteenth day of June in the Year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and two.  The Mark of  X Rachel Read.  Signed Sealed published and declared by the above named Rachel Read the Testatrix as and for her last Will and Testament in the presence of us who at her request in her presence and in the presence of each other have subscribed our Names as Witnesses thereto Grace Moott of Tetsworth Oxon John Hedges atty Wallingford Chas. Carrington his clk.

This Will was proved at Oxford on the Nineteenth day of January in the Year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and four before the Reverend John Slatter Clerk Master of Arts Surrogate of the Reverend George Turner Clerk Master of Arts Official Principal of the Reverend the Archdeacon of Oxford lawfully constituted by the Oaths of Michael Read the Nephew and one of the Executors therein named to whom admon was granted being first sworn duly to administer powers reserved to the other Executor.

Notes regarding the Will:  Since obtaining this Will I know who Rachel’s parents are but so far, no matter where I have looked, I haven’t been able to find her Baptism yet.

Her siblings Elizabeth, Mary and Cozens were all Baptised at Caversham, Oxfordshire and another brother was Baptised at Great Haseley, Oxfordshire.  But along with Rachel I cannot find the Baptism of their brother William anywhere either.  Whilst I know it is very possible their parents only had the six children I just have a feeling that there are more siblings to be found for them and I just know that when I find Rachel’s Baptism, I will more than likely find others!

I have come across a Robert Read living in Tiddington at about the same time as Rachel and I have also come across a Richard Read around Caversham but neither of these appear to belong to anyone!!  I am thinking that just maybe they are also siblings of Rachel’s?

Also in Rachel’s Will she mentions her nephew Edward Read living with her but does not mention who his father is. When Rachel dies, Edward continues living with Rachel’s cousin Ann Cozens as mentioned in Ann’s Will (see my first Amanuensis Monday post).  But I am not at all sure which Edward this is!!

Is he the son of Cozens Read?  Or the son of Cozens Read’s brother John?  Cozens Read’s son Edward dies in 1808 (so after both Rachel Read and Ann Cozens). Edward’s wife died in 1801, so before Rachel wrote her Will and maybe after she died Edward went to help his aunt Rachel? 

John Read’s son Edward dies in 1829 and was living at Great Milton, Oxfordshire at that time but he married in 1797 and neither Rachel Read nor Ann Cozens make any mention of Edward having a wife or that his wife is also living with them!

My first original thought when reading this Will was that the nephew Edward was Cozens Read’s son, but he had his own farm in Doddershall, Quainton, Buckinghamshire.  But it could be possible that one of Edward’s own sons ran the Doddershall farm while Edward went to live at Tiddington?

I don’t know how I am going to prove which Edward was the one living at Tiddington with Rachel and Ann. Then again, there could be another nephew Edward I haven’t discovered yet from other probable siblings of Rachel’s!!  This is going to take some sorting out!  Of course any discoveries I make will be posted on the blog, but I reckon everyone will know when they hear the very loud cheering that will come … one day!!

July 17, 2010

52 Weeks To Better Genealogy – Challenge #29 – Practice Reading Handwriting

Thomas of GeneaBloggers has just invited us to the latest 52 Weeks To Better Genealogy Challenge – the inspiration for these Challenges coming from Amy Coffin of the We Tree blog.  Our Challenge this week is to Practice reading handwriting because as Thomas explains, “Deciphering the penmanship of our ancestors is an exercise in patience, but this is a great skill to have in your genealogy tool box”.

Well, as far as I’m concerned this Challenge couldn’t have come at a better time!  Last week I finally received all the Wills I had ordered from the Buckinghamshire Record Office and one has stumped me completely!

I know from having many other Wills it is not always easy to make out what has been written with the lovely flowy writing they used in the past centuries and with their spelling of the English words etc., but  if I have difficulty reading them, I can usually at least make out names and places.  But, there is this one Will I have now received and all I know is it is the Will of Jone Reade (I think she may be a Widow) of Long Crendon (I think) in Buckinghamshire dated 1545.

I’ve looked and looked at the Will, looked at it with a terrific magnifying sheet my partner Paul bought for me to help with all my Wills.  I’ve scanned it and looked at it on the computer and zoomed in no end of times, but I just can’t make the words out at all.  I can’t really make out names or places.  I think I found the word “bequeath” but I’m not entirely sure as I can’t make out the other words either side of it!!  So, with this one Will I am completely bamboozled. 

This hasn’t happened before so I am delighted to accept Challenge #29 and am hoping that at least by the end of the coming week, I might have been able to look at olde worlde handwriting sites on the internet that just might help me with at least deciphering some of Jone Reade’s Will.

Have a look at the Will and if anyone can make any of it out I would love to know!!!  ;-)

This copy in my private collection but obtained from Buckinghamshire Record Office - copyright 2010

I think it actually starts with “In the name of God amen”  but I am not completely sure as to me with my eyes it might only be what I think it says!!  I’m trying to focus on some particular letters so that it might help pick them up elsewhere in the Will to help decipher the words.  Now I’ve added it here I can see the words “… beinge fit in bodye …” and I know from other Wills they usually go on to say something like “and of sound mind and memory” or words to that effect, but of course I don’t want to just surmise that has been also included in the Will, so I know I must really try to focus on what has actually been written here.

I am looking forward to this new Challenge so much and if it helps me with this Will, then any others that I’ve had just a little trouble deciphering will be a doddle!!

I’ll let you know Friday how I get on!!  ;-)

June 30, 2010

List of Wills added & copy of Cozens Read’s Will

Filed under: General — Tags: , — rootsresearcher @ 5:22 pm

On the Wills (Paternal Side) Page I have added a copy of my 6 x great grandfather Cozens Read’s Will and underneath that a transcript of it.

I have also added two Pages in this section – called List of Wills  –  READ (A – M) and List of Wills – READ (P – W).  There’s a long story as to why I split the list, maybe I will tell you another time!!  ;-)

If anyone wants a copy of Cozens Read’s Will just either right click, save to your computer etc., or I can send a copy via attachment in an email.  For any copies of the other Wills listed I can send those via attachment in an email also.  Just let me know what you would like!

In the next day or two I hope to also add to this same section a List of Wills of other surnames of those who married into the Read family or Read females who married into other families.

I’ve got a large number of Wills so it has taken a bit of time to sort them all out!

I’m waiting for 13 more Read Wills to come from the Buckinghamshire Record Office but so far they are well over the 10 working days for delivery.  I sent a query but got an autoresponse that they hope to reply to that within 5 working days!  So if I still haven’t received my Wills (which are all paid for) by the time they answer my email about the non-delivery so far, it will be much much later than they state for delivery time!!  I expect our postman has been wondering why I have eagerly and avidly been awaiting his arrival every morning for days!!!!!

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