I really like the idea of the theme of Amanuensis Monday as it is getting me to sort out all the Wills I have and do something with them!!
This blog theme was started by John Newmark on his blog Transylvanian Dutch, in which he is transcribing letters, newspaper articles, audio tapes, and a war diary etc., concerning his family.
John explains Amanuensis as “a person employed to write what another dictates or to copy what has been written by another”.
As I mentioned Michael Read in my occasional theme of Something of Interest and talked about his portrait of his prize bull, I thought that I would add his Will this week.
Michael is one of the twenty children of my 6 x great grandfather Cozens Read and I have found him on a number of other Wills as an Executor and he was the one responsible for the Discharge of Legacy papers that I show on my Old Documents pages.
He was 49 years old when he married Martha Smith in 1791 – she was about fifteen years younger than him. They did not have any children and like the Wills of the unmarried Read ladies I have who did not have children themselves, Michael mentions so many in the family and I think it is wonderful that he provides for virtually everyone, even to his great nieces and great nephews.
Here is Michael Read’s Will
and this is the Transcription for Michael Read’s Will:
Will of Michael Read
This is the Last Will and Testament of me Michael Read of the parish of Lower Winchendon in the County of Bucks Dairyman I give and devise all that my copyhold Messuage or two Tenements at Waddesdon in the County of Bucks with the appurts thereto belonging unto and to the use of my dear Niece Mary Pollard her heirs and assigns for Ever and I desire that the said Mary Pollard or her late parents or her Brother may not be charged with any rent for the occupation of the same Messuage or Tenements during my life and I give to the said Mary Pollard all the ffurniture and effects in and about the said Messuage or Tenements which belong to me Next I give and devise to my dear Nephew Thomas Read son of my dear brother Thomas Read all my ffreehold Land and heredits with the appurts situate at Chearsley in the said County of Bucks now in the occupation of William Wood To hold the same unto and to the use of him my said Nephew Thomas Read his heirs and assigns tor ever subject nevertheless to the payment of the Sum of one hundred and fifty pounds to his Sister Elizabeth which I give and bequeath to her and direct to be paid within twelve Calendar months after my decease Next I give and bequeath to my dear Wife Martha Read all the household ffurniture belonging to the two best Bedrooms and the parlour in my dwelling house and as much of my household Linen as she shall desire to furnish her a house to and for her own use and benefit and I direct that the same may be delivered to her as soon as conveniently may be after my decease also I give and bequeath to my dear Brother Stephen Read all my wearing apparel of every sort to and for his own use and benefit to be delivered to him as soon as conveniently may be after my decease Next I give and bequeath unto my dear Nephew Richard Read Son of my late dear Brother Robert Read deceased my Tenant right in the farm which I now hold under the Marquis of Buckingham and I earnestly desire that his Lordship will be pleased to accept him as Tenant thereof but I request that my said Nephew Richard Read will permit my said Wife to reside in my dwelling house until she shall have provided herself another habitation to her own satisfaction Next I give devise and bequeath all the Rest and Residue of my Real and personal Estates whatsoever and howsoever and of what nature or kinds ever not hereinbefore disposed of unto my said dear Nephew Richard Read To hold the same to him his heirs Executors admors and assigns respectively for Ever subject nevertheless to the payment of all my Debts and funeral and Testamentary Expenses and of the several Legacies or Sums of money hereinbefore bequeathed and disposed of and I hereby give and bequeathed unto my dear Nephew John Read Son of my late dear Brother Edward Read deceased and my dear Nephew William Rose Son of my late dear Sister Mary Rose deceased the several Sums of Two thousand pounds three hundred pounds and four hundred pounds of lawful money of Great Britain with lawful Interest from the time of my decease upon Trust to put place or continue the same out at Interest on good Securities and pay that Interest thereof respectively quarterly as it shall become due and also to pay the principal or Capital thereof respectively to the persons and in manner hereinafter directed that is to say as to the Sum of Two thousand pounds to pay the Interest thereof to my said dear Wife or her assigns for her and during the term of her natural life and as soon as conveniently may be after her decease to pay and divide the Capital or principal thereof in manner hereinafter in that behalf mentioned as to the said Sum of Three hundred pounds to pay the Interest thereof to my dear Sister Elizabeth Wood or her assigns for and during the term of her natural life to and for her own use and benefit and as soon as conveniently may be after her decease to pay and divide the Capital or principal thereof in manner following that is to say six seventh parts thereof unto and equally amongst the six surviving children of my said Sister Elizabeth Wood or their respective Executors or admors and the remaining seventh part thereof unto and equally between the children of her late Daughter Elizabeth Humphreys deceased if they be then of age respectively and if not to pay and apply the share of each of them or any part thereof if they my said Trustees shall think proper or the Interest and product thereof to and for his and her use and benefit during minority and to pay the remainder if any be unapplied to them respectively at their respective ages of twenty one years and as to the said Sum of four hundred pounds to pay the Interest thereof unto my dear Brother Stephen Read for and during the term of his natural life and after his decease to pay the Interest thereof to his now Wife for the term of his natural life and after the decease of the Survivor of them the Capital or principal thereof shall sink into the residue of my personal Estate Next I give and bequeath to the several persons hereinafter named the several Legacies or Sums of money next hereinafter mentioned that is to say to each of my three Nephews William Pollard Michael Pollard and Jeremiah Pollard or their respective Executors or admors fifty pounds to each of my dear Nephews and Nieces Sons and Daughters of my said late Sister Mary Rose deceased or their respective Executors or admors Twenty pounds to each of my dear Nephews William Joseph and Edward Read Sons of my said late Brother Robert Read deceased or their respective Executors or admors one
hundred pounds to the three Sons of my late dear Niece Catharine James one hundred pounds to be equally divided between them or their respective Executors or admors To the two children of my late dear Nephew Robert Read deceased one hundred pounds to be equally divided between them or their respective Executors or admors To Mary Ann Read Daughter of my late dear Nephew James Read deceased or her Executors or admors fifty pounds to each of the five surviving children of my dear Sister Jane May their respective Executors or admors fifty pounds to each of the ten children of my said late Brother Edward or their respective Executors or admors forty pounds To my said Brother Thomas or his Executors or admors Three hundred pounds which last mentioned Legacies shall be paid in lawful money of Great Britain within twelve Calendar months after my decease and I direct that all the monies and property which shall at my decease be placed out at Interest or otherwise in the separate name of my said Wife shall be considered as hers over and besides the benefit she will otherwise derive
under this my Will and that my Executor will accordingly deliver and transfer to her all the Securities and Vouchers for the same and as to the said Sum of Two thousand pounds from and immediately after the decease of my said Wife I direct that the same shall be divided into as many equal parts or shares as I shall have had in number of Nephews and Nieces who shall be then living or who shall already have or shall have then have died leaving issue and that one of such parts and shares shall be paid to each of my said Nephews and Nieces then living and one other of such parts or shares shall be paid to or divided equally amongst the then surviving child or children of each of such deceased Nephews and Nieces and I declare and direct that in all such cases if any in which I may have advanced money to or for the use of any of the Legatees hereinbefore named and taken any Security or Memorandum for the same whether the same may be dated or have been taken more or less than six years previously to my decease such Legatees respectively shall not be entitled to claim their several Legacies or any part
thereof respectively until they shall respectively have accounted for and paid or satisfied to my Executor all such monies as may be due or appear to be due upon or by such Securities or a Memorandum respectively and whereas I am surviving Trustee and Executor under the Will of my late dear Brother Robert Read deceased now in case of my decease before the complete execution of the Trusts of his said Will I do give devise and bequeath all the Real and personal property vested in me as such Trustee and Executor under this said Will or otherwise unto my said dear Nephews John Read (Son of my said late Brother Edward) William Rose (Son of my said late Sister Mary) and Richard Read (Son of my said late Brother Robert) their heirs Executors admors and assigns upon the Trusts and for the and (?) intents and purposes in his said Will expressed and declared or such of them as shall remain to be and be capable of being performed and I do hereby declare and order that it shall and may be lawful to and for them my said Trustees John Read and William Rose and each of them and the
Survivor of them his Executors and admors by and out of the Trust monies and property hereinbefore bequeathed to them or the Interest and produce thereof or any part thereof to deduct retain to and reimburse themselves himself and each other respectively all such loss Costs Charges damages and
expenses as they or other of them shall or may bear pay sustain expend or be put unto in or about or by reason or means or on account of the performance and execution of all and every or any of the Trusts hereby in them reposed in any respect whatsoever and also that they my said Trustees or either of them shall not be charged or chargeable with or answerable or accountable tor any more of the said Trust monies and property than what shall actually come to their hands or custody respectively by virtue of this my Will nor with or for any loss damage or diminution that may happen to the same or any part thereof so as it happen not through their or either of their wilful default or neglect nor shall the one of them be answerable or accountable for the other but each for himself and his own acts deeds receipts defaults and neglects only and I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint my said Nephew Richard Read Son of my said late Brother Robert sole Executor of this my last Will and Testament In Testimony whereof I the said Michael Read the Testator have to each of the three preceding sheets of this my last Will and Testament contained in four sheets of paper set my hand and to this fourth and last sheet thereof my hand and seal this twenty third day of May one thousand Eight hundred and twenty. The mark X and seal of the said Michael Read the Testator Signed Sealed and published and
declared by the said Michael Read the Testator as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as Witnesses Jno. Rose Grays Inn Joseph Rose Aylesbury Jno. Parrott Aylesbury
Proved at London 23rd November 1822 before the Judge by the Oath of Richard Read the Nephew the sole Executor to whom admon was granted being first sworn (by Con …(?) duly to administer.